RESEARCH ARTICLE


Refurbishment of Existing Building toward a Surplus Energy Building in Jordan



Saad S. Alrwashdeh1, 2, *, Handri Ammari1, Yazeed S. Jweihan2, 3, Jenan Abu Qadourah4, Mazen J. Al-Kheetan2, 3, Ala’a M. Al-Falahat1, 2
1 Mechanical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Mutah University, P.O Box 7, Al-Karak 61710 Jordan
2 Materials Science and Energy Lab, MSEL. Mutah University, P.O Box 7, Al-Karak 61710, Jordan
3 Civil and Environmental Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Mutah University, P.O. Box 7, Karak 1710, Jordan
4 Department of Architecture Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Mutah University, P.O Box 7, Al-Karak 61710, Jordan


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Creative Commons License
© 2022 Alrwashdeh et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at Mechanical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Mutah University, P.O Box 7, Al-Karak 61710 Jordan; E-mail: saad.alrwashdeh@mutah.edu.jo


Abstract

Introduction:

Energy consumption rates in residential buildings rely heavily on the modularity of construction.

Methods:

Traditional building models in Jordan are considered the dominant models in which modern technology is not taken into account in building in order to reduce energy consumption. Recently, interest in modern construction schemes has appeared in Jordan with the intention of saving energy because of its high costs. The objective of this research is to help convert a building in Amman into one that generates more energy than it needs in what is known as surplus energy buildings.Several retrofit systems were considered for this purpose, including insulation, water heating, lighting, air recycling, and photovoltaic systems. This work was handled through a detailed calculation based on the basic fundamental of each subsystem used in the refurbishment process. using refurbishing techniques, the estimated payback period was found 5.08 years for all integrated systems.

Results:

The work started with a closer look at the reality of energy use in the residential sector based on the reports provided by the Ministry of Energy and the National Electricity and Energy Company.

Conclusion:

Afterward, the study sample was decided to be home in the city of Amman - Jordan, then several suggestions for improving and verifying ways to conserve energy were discussed.

Keywords: Traditional building, Energy consumption, Renovation systems, Modern construction patterns, Ministry of energy, Refurbishment process.