Evolution and Composition of the Traditional Timber Structure Column Bases in the Southern Region of China - A Case Study of Shaoxing City

Zhou Xinmo, Wang Wei*, Zhou Ke, Chen Wenping
School of Civil Engineering, Shaoxing University, Shaoxing 312000, China.

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© 2014 Xinmo et al;

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the No. 508, West Ring Road, Shaoxing, China. 312000; Tel: 18367512859; E-mail:


As a very unique structural component of traditional timber architecture, column base is a natural combination of stone carving technology and timber structure system, from which we can understand the broad and profound traditional architectural culture. In This paper, the emergence and evolution of the column bases art history was firstly described to analyze the factors that promote the development and changes of column bases. Moreover, Finally, the dimension of column bases was introduced. The results of this paper can be taken as the reference for the development of the antique buildings and the new Chinese architecture.

Keywords: Column base, composition, timber structure, evolution.