Limitation Factors of Building Information Modeling (BIM) Implementation

Mohammed A. Enshassi1, Khalid A. Al Hallaq1, Bassam A. Tayeh1, *
1 Department of Civil Engineering, Islamic University of Gaza, Gaza, Palestine.

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Creative Commons License
© 2019 Enshassi et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Civil Engineering, Islamic University of Gaza, Gaza, Palestine; Fax: +972-82644800;
Tel: +972-82644400; E-mail:



Building Information Modeling (BIM) has been recommended as the best tool to improve construction processes by many researchers. However, most construction companies do not adopt BIM because there are many limitations slowing BIM adoption.


The aim of this paper is to investigate the factors that limit BIM implementation in the construction industry.


To investigate the research objectives, a quantitative approach was adopted and a structured questionnaire was designed. A total of sixty-eight copies of the questionnaire were distributed and sixty-five of them were satisfactorily completed, making the total response rate = 95.58%. Snowball sampling method helped to obtain a high rate of response and thus increase accuracy.

Results and Conclusion:

BIM limitation factors were divided into five categories. The results illustrated that the personnel category was ranked as the most important, while the legal category was ranked as the least important. Findings showed that requirement of large culture change within the organization, lack of senior management support, lack of knowledge on how to implement BIM, lack of staff experience and skills, and need to change in workflows to comply with the new requirements were ranked as the most important factors that obstruct BIM implementation.

Keywords: Building Information Modeling (BIM), Limitation factors, Construction industry, Gaza strip, Quantitative approach, Structured questionaire.