RESEARCH ARTICLE


An Investigation of a Post-tension Problem in a Conference Hall Roof



Muneer K. Saeed1, *
1 Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, Qassim University, Unaizah, Saudi Arabia


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Creative Commons License
© 2023 Muneer K. Saeed

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, Qassim University, Unaizah, Saudi Arabia; E-mail: m.abdo@qu.edu.sa


Abstract

Introduction:

Post-tensioning is a technique for strengthening concrete members by embedding tendons into the concrete before casting. When the concrete has acquired the desired strength, these tendons are tensioned using hydraulic jacks. This study deals with structurally analyzing and designing a 21 m × 25 m conference hall without interior columns contained within eleven stories building.

Methods:

The hall was located on the 9th floor. Many structural floor systems were proposed for the hall such as composite steel-concrete, waffle concrete, and post tensioned girder slab. The structural system of post-tensioned concrete girders with a top reinforced slab was chosen due to its advantages: low deflection and low risk of cracking, and increase of net floor height. Stressing of strands (live ends) was applied from the four sides of the concrete slab. Twenty-three live ends were placed in north-south direction and 20 live ends in east-west direction.

Results:

The ultimate strength of the stands was 1860 MPa. The jacking force, 209 kN, was applied in each strand which represented 75% of ultimate strength. The post-tension concrete slab was analyzed with Ram concept software, which revealed that the total elongation of strands in the E-W direction ranged from 116 mm to 152 mm, and the total elongation of strands in the N-S direction ranged from 120 mm to 172 mm.

Conclusion:

The problem of warping of nine live anchorage ends in the south-north direction was encountered during post-tensioning, which resulted in the movement of strands from their original locations. A rehabilitation plan was proposed to overcome the aforementioned problem.

Keywords: Structural analysis, Post tension, Deflection, Anchorage end, Repair, Conference hall roof.