Comparative Analysis of RC Irregular Buildings Designed According to Different Seismic Design Codes

Jaime Landingin1, Hugo Rodrigues1, Humberto Varum*, 1, António Arêde2, Aníbal Costa1
1 Department of Civil Engineering, University of Aveiro, Portugal
2 Department of Civil Engineering, University of Aveiro, Portugal

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© 2013 Landingin et al.;

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Civil Engineering, University of Aveiro, Portugal; Tel: +351-234-370938; E-mail:


The present paper presents a comparison of seismic provisions of three seismic design codes, the Philippine code, Eurocode 8 and the American code, to the most common ordinary residential frames of standard occupancy. Regular and irregular reinforced concrete frames were analyzed and compared for four storey building types. The response spectrum and the seismic parameters of NSCP 2010 were considered for the horizontal load action with different load combinations. Response spectrum analysis and equivalent lateral force analysis were performed using SAP2000 software package. Five representative columns for each RC frame structure were analyzed. Based on the results of column axial load - bending moment interaction diagrams, EC8 was found to be conservative when compared to NSCP 2010 and 2009 IBC. The conclusion is that for the design and analysis of ordinary RC residential buildings with certain irregularity, EC8 provisions were considered to be safer.

Keywords: Seismic design, building codes, reinforced concrete frame structure, RC column design, RC column design.